Technical Presentation View

Slideshow of the projects from our grand prize winners

EMTP Webinar - Husam Samkari & Rafael Castillo Sierra


During this webinar, our two winners of the EMTP® Research Contribution Prize Program 2021 will present their work. The aim of the award is to recognize student contributions to the technology associated with power system transients. The two competition categories are:
- Best accepted IEEE, IET, PSCC, EPSR or IPST journal or conference paper on EMT simulations;
- Best EMTP® model developed.

Discover our winner and the topics of their presentation:

o Husam Samkari, Ph.D. and P.E. in Electrical Engineering
Impact of Distributed Inverter-Based Resources on Incremental Quantities-Based Protection

Abstract:
This paper studies the impact of distributed inverter-based resources (IBR) on time-domain incremental quantities-based relays. One implementation of the incremental quantities for protection is a high-speed sub-cycle directional element. The incremental, also known as superimposed, quantities are fault-generated instantaneous components of voltages and currents. The directional element indicates fault direction based on the transient voltages and currents’ relative polarities. It is essential to ensure that the element does not fail to indicate the correct direction if IBRs fault current responses impact the quantities. IBRs’ fast control response impacts the current quantities by changing both magnitude and angle.

This paper characterizes the incremental quantities-based relay response to IBRs’ nonlinear fault currents. A modified IEEE 34-bus distribution with an IBR system is modeled and simulated using the electromagnetic transients program (EMTP-RV) for demonstration.

o Rafael Castillo Sierra, Electrical Engineer, Ph.D. Student
Model category for his model on Power System with a Transmission Line operating at low frequency

Abstract:
The transmission of electric power with alternating current (AC) faces constraints that are inherent both to the stable operation of the power system and to the physical properties of the transmission lines or cables. Many factors stand to motivate the alleviation of these constraints without a need to construct new transmission lines or cables. One demonstrated method to accomplish this is to lower the electrical frequency of a transmission branch or section of the network, an approach known as low frequency AC (LFAC) transmission. The resulting lower reactance of the lines improves the transmission under the stability concerns which arise with long, inductive overhead lines, as well as under thermal concerns that can be substantial due to charging currents in underground cables. In this order of ideas, the Modular Multilevel Matrix Converter (MMMC) offers the necessary frequency conversion for low-frequency transmission, while allowing controllability of power through the transmission line.

For this reason, this presentation focuses on the EMTP modeling and simulation of this converter starting from a design that meets the typical voltage and power requirements for a transmission line. The averaged model of the converter has been implemented to evaluate its performance as a frequency converter and how it interacts with the power system. Simulations have been carried out under nominal operating conditions in a study case power system.

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